SZABIST - Diploma in Disaster Risk Management (In Collaboration with ERRA)



1. Don’t forget to:
a. Check for Hazards in your homes/offices/schools etc.
b. Place large or heavy objects on lower shelves.
c. Hang heavy items such as picture frames away from the workstation.

2. Identify safe places both indoors and outdoors such as:
a. Under a sturdy furniture or heavy desk or table.
b. Against an inside wall.
c. Away from where glass could shutter, around windows, heavy bookcases or heavy furniture could fall over.
d. In an open area, away from buildings, trees, electrical lines, overpass etc.

3. Educate yourself
a. Teach all how and when to switch off electricity and water.
b. Inform everybody of emergency hot lines.
c. Educate/teach technicians and security guards on the manual lowering of elevator. Indicate the nearest floor that it can be lowered.

4. Have disaster supplies on hand such as:
a. Flashlights and extra batteries.
b. Portable battery-operated radio.
c. First aid kit and manual.
d. Emergency food/water.
e. Can opener.
f. Essential medicines.
g. Sturdy shoes.

5. Help Safety Officers get ready
a. Conduct an audit on locating hazards in the office/plant/workstation.
b. Conduct earthquake drills.

6. Emergency lights must be properly maintained

a. All emergency lights must be checked monthly to ensure reliability.
b. Emergency lights must be installed inside the elevator and on every elevator door.

1. If Indoors

a. Stay safe as possible during an earthquake. Be aware that some earthquakes are actually foreshocks and a larger earthquake might occur.

b. Minimize body movements and take a few steps to a nearby safe place and stay indoors until the shaking has stopped.

c. Drop to the ground; take cover by getting under a sturdy table or piece of furniture, and HOLDON until the shaking stops. If there is no table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building.

d. Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture.

e. Use a doorway for shelter only if it is in close proximity to you and if you know that it is a strongly-supported load bearing doorway.

f. Stay inside until the shaking stops. Research has shown that most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move to a different location inside the building or try to leave.

g. Be aware that the electricity might be interrupted or that the sprinkler system or fire alarm might operate.

h. Do not use elevators.

2. If Outdoors
a. Move away from buildings, street lights and utility wires.
b. Once in the open, stay where you are until the shaking stops.
c. Remember that most casualties result from collapsing walls, flying glass, and falling objects.

3. If trapped under debris
a. Do not move about or kick out dust.
b. Try to cover your mouth with a handkerchief/clothing.
c. Tap on a pipe or wall so rescuers can locate you. Use a whistle if available.
d. Shout only as a last resort. Shouting can cause you to inhale dangerous amounts of dust.

4. In a Vehicle
a. Quickly pull to the side of the road.
b. Keep away from buildings, trees, bridges, signs, overpasses, and utility lines and poles.
c. Stay in the vehicle until it stops shaking.

1. Stay Calm and use common sense.
2. EXPECT AFTERSHOCKS. These secondary shock waves are usually less violent than the main quake but can be strong enough to do additional damage to weakened structures and can occur anytime after the quake.
3. Listen to a battery-operated radio. Listen for the latest emergency information.
4. Use telephones only to report severe emergencies.
5. Open cabinets cautiously. Beware of objects that can fall off shelves.
6. Stay away from damaged areas. Stay away unless your assistance has been specifically requested by Police or relief organization. Return home only when authorities say it is safe.
7. Be aware of possible tsunamis if it is near coastal areas. Evacuate on higher, safer grounds.
8. Check for injuries and treat the injured/trapped persons with first aid. Take steps to stop bleeding and call for medical assistance if there is an emergency. Don't attempt to move severely injured persons unless they are in immediate danger of further injury. Cover them with blankets.
9. Clean up spilled medicines or other flammable liquid immediately. Leave the area if you smell gas or fumes coming from other chemicals.
10. Inspect utilities. Look for electrical system damage. If you see sparks, turn off the electricity from the main switch.
11. Check for sewage and water lines damage. If you suspect sewage lines are damaged, avoid using the toilet and call maintenance. If water pipes are damaged, call maintenance and avoid using water. Make sure that water is potable before drinking.
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